Poultry housing refers primarily to a poultry building. Its design plays a vital role in assessing the house’s internal physical conditions for better performance, development, and efficient birds’ output. The poultry housing system used by a poultry farmer depends on the prevailing climatic conditions of the farm area.
Choosing an Appropriate Location for Poultry housing
Therefore, the following are the desirable points into account when choosing a location.
Preferably set up a farm in an area where chicks and feed are readily available.
- Source of energy.
- Where there is a likelihood of proper drainage during the monsoon season.
- Free drinking water.
- There is a good market in the neighborhood
The primary objective of providing housing for poultry is to protect them from sunshine, rain, and predators. Housing is also important for comfort. Poultry houses should be well ventilated, relatively cool in the summer and warm in the winter, and free of cracks.
In the hottest areas of the world, the house’s long axis should extend from east to west, and the sides should face north-south to prevent direct sunlight from coming into the house. In the cooler parts of the world, it is ideal to develop houses facing south or south-east in order to obtain full sunlight.
A poultry house not supposed to be costly. However, You should not compromise the durability, comfort and protection of the house. The house floor should be moist-proof, easy to clean, free from rats, and strong. The various styles of floors in use are all-litter floors, all-slate floors, slate and litter floors, wire and litter floors, and sloping wire floors. The walls and partitions must be sturdy enough to support the roof and withstand heavy winds.
Broad variation is possible depending on agro-climatic conditions. Firstly, it also depends on the availability and cost of construction materials. The insulation of the roof helps both in summer and in winter. secondly, the gap between two houses for birds of the same age group should be at least 18 m to allow proper ventilation.
similarly, where in summer temperature is high, a farmer should paint the roof with reflecting paint such as aluminum paint. Moreover, in areas where the temperature is high and continuous, more than two-thirds of the sidewall area may be left open for proper ventilation.
In brooder houses, half the area is left open. Similarly, in grower and layer houses, two-thirds and the maximum area is left open in cage houses. Irrespective of the type, all the poultry houses should be located on well-drained grounds, safe from floodwaters, and with easy access to the road.
Meanwhile, Poultry farmers generally use four types of housing systems. The selection of any approach depends upon capital investment, land availability, type of farming activity, the climatic condition of the area, and labour availability.
The poultry housing structure can roughly be divided into four groups.
- Free-range or extensive system
- Semi-intensive system
- Folding unit system
- Intensive system
A) Battery or cage system
B) Deep litter system
India is a tropical country. whatever, the free-range/open poultry house system is commonly followed by farmers. Open-sided poultry houses are very popular in our country. Except where the temperature is exceptionally low, open-sided houses work very satisfactorily and farmers prefer it for economic reasons.
Moreover, in case you have any doubts related to poultry farming, reach out to us on WhatsApp. Egiyok news provides free counseling related to all the poultry issues. Click here to chat with our poultry experts.